Fake CharitiesWhen disaster strikes, many people rise to the occasion and offer whatever kind of financial help they can. Sadly, there are charity scammers waiting for such an opportunity to manifest so that they can try to take advantage of people’s kindness. In addition to the fake charities that function year-round, thousands can pop up as soon as the announcement of a natural disaster is made. Fundraisers have been known to send out thousands of spam messages via Facebook, email, and Twitter in order to dupe their participants. When the internet is flooded with calls for help and incentives to donate to a relief fund or a non-profit, it can be difficult to tell fact from fiction.
How to Recognize a Fake CharityBefore engaging in the noble cause of donating to a charity, make sure you do your research. Organizations like Goodwill and the Red Cross are recognizable and established entities that you won’t need to vet. However, when you see an unfamiliar organization, whether it be global or local, you need to do a little investigating to make sure they’re accredited and won’t steal your money. Fortunately, there are a number of websites that allow you to vet most nonprofit organizations. Wise Giving Alliance, Charity Watch, and GuideStar are just a few resources that can be used to gage the credibility of a charity. In addition to using vetting tools, there are some telltale signs of charity scams you need to be aware of:
- Cold calls: If you’re receiving an unsolicited phone call from a charity organization and they aren’t local, chances are, they’re scammers. Legitimate organizations don’t usually just call people and ask for donations and personal information. A local charity might call your landline in an attempt to raise funds from residents, but you should still be skeptical. Be aware of the telemarketer sales rules; there are regulations that credible organizations are required to follow which could help you determine if the charity calling is legitimate.
- Faulty websites: Charity scams will sometimes use slightly altered web addresses with minor misspellings to trick people into thinking they are an established, legitimate organization. Note that almost all credible charity websites will end in .org rather than .com, as well.
- 100% donated: There are almost zero charities that donate 100% of the funds they receive. Just about every organization has administrative costs that take a fraction of the proceeds to keep the lights on and fundraisers paid.
- Door-to-door: Always turn down a door-to-door solicitor; if a solicitor represents a credible organization, they will leave behind pamphlets and information that will allow you to donate by mail after you vet them.
How to Report a Fake CharityIf you discover or fall victim to a charity scam, it’s extremely important that you report it as soon as possible. The IRS constantly warns taxpayers to be weary of fake charity organizations that offer enticing deductions—they even compile a list of charity scams and fake nonprofit organizations known as the Dzdirty dozendz each year. It’s important that you know how to report a fake charity scam in case you ever fall victim to fraud. The responsible thing to do is identify the fraudulent entity, gather evidence, and report it to the police. There are two types of charity frauds which you may identify:
- Deceptive fundraising: A nonprofit might make misrepresentations about their charitable giving, such as the fair market value of the donated assets or whether the organization complied with donor-imposed restrictions.
- Fraudulent financial reporting: A nonprofit might misclassify donations to mislead donors and charity watchdogs. Misrepresenting fundraising expenses or administrative costs are some of the ways in which these organizations try to get away with fraud.